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A unique treatment facility for contaminated materials
The ECOREFINE Technology is a procedure for purifying soil contaminated by pollutants or other materials in "on-site operation. This purpose-built system can be operated both mobile and stationary and can recycle 99% of all waste materials.
The procedure is founded on vacuum evaporation and allow time-saving and quick decontamination without using additives.
The ECOREFINE is suitable for the treatment of contaminated industrial material.
ECOREFINE – Description
The ECOREFINE plant has been developed to analyze and separate contaminated materials in discontinuous operation (20 hours per day). The in the following summary proposed systems ECOREFINE I and II are utilized to determine the contamination of the material. With the gained information and calculations, the ECOREFINE III will be constructed for the specific circumstances of the material or area that will be cleaned. The below summary describes the structure of the plant in a simplified form.
To achieve the test results, the plant operates with several specifically developed procedures:
Once the contaminated oil sludge has been inserted into the plant, a vacuum is created in the double sluiced chamber-off system. Through a further sluice, the material falls onto compressed air controlled plate vibrators. The vacuum and heat during this process cause the hydrocarbons to gasify, whereby dirt particles in the oil are filtered out through a dust separator. After cooling the substances down, oil and sand are being separated. The machinery and procedures for this process have been industrial approved.
The system entails the following, especially for this process developed components:
The system consists of several closed, externally insulated vessels that are equipped with appropriate interior conveyors, such as paddle mixers and screw conveyors.
The individual vessels are connected directly by means of suitable support mechanisms and an intermediate double sluiced chamber system.
The connected vessels of the system have an inlet and an outlet double sluiced chamber system. The vessels are equipped with heating and heatable exhaust units. The plant furthermore has vacuum generating systems, suitable separators, condensation plants and if desired a power supply system.
From the hopper, the contaminated material passes into an inlet double sluice chamber system. Once the level indicator has registered the exact intake, the central system closes the upper sluice. A vacuum is produced in the sluice system which, in conjunction with the vacuum in the vessel, maintains the correct flow rate. The lower sluice opens and oil sludge falls into the vessel to transport the oil sludge with paddle mixers or screw conveyors.
Likewise, devices for droplet separation from gases and for the separation of fluids can be obtained. A heated dust separator is located between the vessels and the respective condensation plants. An emission condenser with a suitable filtration device is installed behind the vacuum generation plants. It furthermore includes vacuum rotary unions that can resist temperatures up to 350 °C.
The plant is equipped with a Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) that is connected to sensors in the overall system. The liquid in the oil sludge will be gradually
evaporated. An operating pressure (pressure level) as well as an operating temperature (temperature level) can be achieved in each vessel (total of 4 vessels), which are located between the
double sluice chamber system.
The purified oil exits the vessel system through the double sluice chamber system. The steam and gaseous substances are drained, cleaned in the separators (dusted) and liquefied in the condensers. The waste vapor condenser with its filter behind the vacuum generation equipment ensures the virtually emission-free operation. The separated particles from the gas stream and the separated liquid are channeled out through corresponding devices from the vacuum and collected in a vessel. Depending on the quality and reprocessing, it can be added back to the process flow again.
The entire system is expected to be made up of 4 large vessels, each having 2 double sluiced chamber systems. With the current process, the viscosity of the oil sludge changes from vessel to vessel. The two final products will be sand with a drought factor of 99.9% and the 100% purified crude oil.
Most of the final solid and liquid materials gained that way can be recycled. Soil can be reused for agricultural purposes after being mixed with water and bacteria.
Metallic powder gained from grinding sludge can be added to blast-furnace processing; most of the separated carbohydrates (oils) can be reprocessed. A separate area inside the plant is dedicated
to process the purified materials by use of technologies and equipment such as a gas chromatograph.
This ECOREFINE system operates extremely efficiently and is able to purify up to 100,000 kg of contaminated material per hour, while the closed system guarantees a clean and low-noise operation. The procedure causes only very few emissions pollutants, whose values are far below the official restrictions. (A fraction of the amount of pollutants from an average modern car).
1. Initial Test Plant
The initial test plant will be utilized to test and study the specialized vacuum distillation separation process which separates the individual components of the contaminated oil fields.
To optimize the cleaning process, an initial test plant will be built in close vicinity to the
The initial test plant can process samples of about 5 - 10kg in discontinuous operation. These test quantities are required due to the varying levels of contamination of the different materials, in order to obtain representative test results. The tests are conducted primarily to define temperatures and vacuum pressure values, which are determined for the evaporation of materials with respect to the achieved residual contents.
The initial test plant is operated in a defined way, temperature and pressure levels can be used to simulate the next larger-scale test plant (50-200kgs). The investigation is essential because mathematic tables of these values are not fully available or only apply in ideal conditions without regard to the matrix effects.
Furthermore, the first indications of the required retention times for continuous operation are obtained. At the same time, it is possible to observe and calculate the condensation behavior of the hydrocarbons.
These trial runs are necessary to determine the results of the purifying process and establish necessary calculations for the wear and tear due to chemicals.
2. Feasibility Study – Test Plant
The first feasibility study will already show substantial test results and evaluations regarding the quality of the purified oil, after which the first forecasts of future production costs can be determined. This is supported by the companies’ own accompanying laboratory analyses with the corresponding results.
An accurate calculation for a testing system (50-200kgs ECOREFINE II) for a continuous operation can be achieved with these test results. It will serve for testing in the future to further improve the output of the purified oil. This system can also be used for new and/or for the further development of other products, after a specific contract between both parties has been established.
By means of the quality of the end product, the plant can be adjusted to achieve the best possible result for each individual oil field.
3. Test Plant
In the test facility a flow rate of ca. 50-200kgs of contaminated material will be handled. It will be
tested to see how the treated material performs in continuous operation.
It is not only of interest to see how far the previously determined parameters of temperature and
pressure need to be corrected, but how the material performs with regard to certain criteria such as transport and clarity of oil.
Moreover, the separation and condensation of the extracted steam and the emission of the system can be reviewed.
A Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) including the corresponding software is installed. These components are special units that have been developed and enhanced for several years to ensure immaculate operation.
To execute the job of the large-scale test plant, the results obtained from the test plant including the respective parameters are required. With these data it will be possible to determine a realistic estimate of costs and resources involved to realize the large scale facility. If necessary, technical changes on the large-scale facility can be made before manufacturing.
4. Large Scale
The plant is intended for large scale cleaning of contaminated oil fields. Initially, a throughput of up to 24 tons / h at 20 hours a day (equivalent to 340 working days per annum) will be calculated, which equals 163,200.00 tons yearly. This will ensure the economy of the large-scale ECOREFINE, while the quality compared with the previously determined processes will also be significantly improved. The system should be serviced twice a month; each planned service time is max. 8 hours. This maintenance can be performed during the non-operating hours of the plant. First calculations already show that this project will be profitable as well as ensuring a healthier environment in the long term.
ADAGE 2019 - The Environmentalist
Adage for 2019
Quod sumus hoc eritis
Just as we are – so you will be
Analytical logical reasoning is the motto with which I have been conducting my research and developments for years. This logical reasoning however has to be based on verifiable facts.
We currently experience a climate change that is unprecedented in the modern history of mankind. In recent years, the number of earthquakes has quadrupled, while floods, wildfires, heat waves and heavy rains have multiplied.
During the last UN climate conference in Poland, all members affirmed that they will do everything in their power to avoid an increase of 2°C in world temperatures in the next years. They however failed to mention that since then this temperature increase has been exceeded by far.
One of the principles of the UN climate conference states:
The natural resources of the earth, including the air, water, land, flora and fauna and especially representative samples of natural ecosystems, must be safeguarded for the benefit of present and future generations through careful planning or management, as appropriate.
The calculations provided on numerous search engines and reference works regarding climate change are contradictory to each other and do not include relevant factors to calculate global warming.
As an example please let me provide a simple demonstration with a common passenger car:
The temperature of the car engine (with an outdoor temperature of 12.5 °C) is around 100 to 110 °C; the exhaust develops when the car is at a standstill 500°C and during driving 100 to 300°C. At full load, a car releases around 1,500 to 5,000m3 air into the atmosphere that is considerably warmer than the surrounding temperature. Applied to 1.1 Billion cars (approximate number of vehicles in the world), this results in a significant amount which contributes to global warming. This also applies for AC systems that are primarily used in warm countries, generators, vessels, combustion engines etc.
My calculations have shown that these not only contribute to the warming of the air but also significantly increase humidity which in reverse leads to the binding of pollutants and increases the amount of environmental disasters drastically (Haze dome effect).
Some of my critics claim that these data are very negative and instead it should focus on the positive achievements of environmental projects. Unfortunately, these critics are not able to name just one successful international environmental project.
Of course, we are proud to have completed the villa modification project in Sharjah with the support of the local Government and the American University of Sharjah. We can now certify low CO2 values and significant reductions in heat emission of approximately 95% to 98%.
The focus of the Blue Building Foundation is now in realizing further environmental projects and we would herewith like to thank our friends and business partners who have supported us in the last year. We would like to wish everyone a blessed and healthy new year 2019 in which environmental issues will actively be targeted and overcome.
The-Environmentalist and the Blue Building Foundation Team
Reinventing the built Environment….
Previous years' Adages
Previous years' Adages can be downloaed on the 'DOWNLOADS' page of this
How can we change the Environment for a better Future?
Perhaps not the easiest question to answer in a world where traditionally governments and commercial organizations of all sizes, may have behaved in a way which put power, profit and self-interest much higher on their agendas than environment issues. Where the individual concerned for the future of the environment, finds it hard for their voice to be heard while those with the technological ambition and ability struggle for support of their program and ideas.
The situation is changing and those involved that have been an impediment to progress are very slowly beginning to realize the imperative need of environmental
sustainability. But the progress is still not fast enough and much more must be done. Together we must create an environment in which knowledge, technological skills and power to apply these can
be rapidly and harmoniously integrated.
If we want to reach our target, we have to swim against the current. If we are determined to so, we shall be able to change the environment in a sustainable and most positive way. Actions must speak louder than words.
Change has already begun; it is the aim and purpose of The Blue Building Foundation. It cannot address all environmental issues, but is based on the firm footings of the Blue Building Concept ,that seeks to promote action: a world of energy efficiency and environmental protection by uniting disparate knowledge and initiatives to create a cohesive force for positive change in the construction sector. Independent and in close cooperation with the respective governments, companies and the general population, neutral with the focus to find the right solutions, the Blue Building Foundation is changing the environment in the best possible way.
The Blue Building Foundation needs you, whether as an individual or organization. Your ideas, technology, knowledge, position and power to influence are needed to spearhead positive change. The Blue Building Foundation needs you and those you know, who share your views to become users and to show how your expertise can influence a movement that makes a major difference. Together we can become a force for good that reinvents the built environment, building a sustainable future for everyone.
“From tiny acorns mighty oaks do grow" - Act now to help us grow this seed!
The Environmentalist and the Blue Building Foundation Team, - reinventing the Built Environment